A comprehensive 3D body scanning technology has been delivered to the Clothing Research Center at the Mongolian University of Science and Technology (MUST). The comprehensive technology was ordered by the Ministry of Industry and Agriculture and funded by the Asian Development Bank.
The Asian Development Bank provided Mongolia with three types of body scanners, which can be used for wide range of purposes, including clothing production, medical treatment, and archeological purposes.
With this technology, Mongolia will be able to create a national database for full body, arm and leg measurements of Mongolians. Categories for Mongolians’ body, arm and leg lengths and shapes will be developed. A national standard of body shape of Mongolians will be established, experts said.
Body measurements of Mongolians were taken in 1985 for manufacturing clothes, according to senior instructor of the Textile Department at the MUST S.Tsetsgee. Mongolians’ body shape changed considerably since then. The 3D measurement is useful for clothing industries for knowing whom they’ll be making clothes for.
Lately, many people have complained about student uniforms not fitting children. This equipment will provide manufacturers with the necessary information. From 3D scan survey results, clothes manufacturers will find out which clothing sizes should be primarily manufactured. Statistics indicate that 80 percent of readymade clothes are imported from China.
MUST teachers received training in South Korea for developing the 3D full body measurements. “Special clothing will be worn during the scanning. Disposable clothing is used in [South] Korea. It takes 30 minutes to scan a person,” clarified S.Tsetsgee.
She also mentioned that there are financial difficulties for conducting these scans in Mongolia. Some people will definitely question as to why they must get scanned. In South Korea, to develop a national standard, people receive 50,000 KRW for contributing and giving data about their body measurements. South Korea mainly scans groups that are willing to form campaigns such as students and soldiers to cut down on scanning expenses. People of specific age groups, suitable for representing the population, are included in sample surveys.
Department Head of the School of Industrial Technology and Design at the MUST D.Tumenbold provided extensive information about how 3D measurements are used in life.
He explained that “3D scanners provide 3D images, which is input into computers, and used for conducting all types of measurement. A full body scan is beneficial for manufacturing clothes of appropriate sizes. Measurements will also be used for producing furniture such as chairs, tables and closets, as well as other articles used by people.”
D.Tumenbold was excited about the possibility of producing comfortable horse saddles with data acquired from surveys.
When asked about other usages of 3D survey, he replied, “A database can be created with the comprehensive 3D body scanners. The equipment can be useful for industries and robot technologies. The collected measurement data will be practical for manufacturing prosthetic arms and legs. This sort of technology is necessary for sports. When playing golf, the strongest player doesn’t hit the ball farthest. Hitting from the right spot from the right angle with the right power is the key. The 3D data is used for teaching golf. Everyone has a different body build and depending on their build, suitable angles differ. After people get scanned with the same scanners, coaches give advice on techniques. These measurements can also be applied in medical science. Computed tomography (CT) technology is used for replacing backbones. CT provides 3D scans. If there’s a mistake, healthy bones will grow and grind against artificial bones.”
He informed that it’s possible for people to save their measurement data on file and order custom-made clothing from abroad. Consumers will not have to go through the trouble of personally travelling to foreign countries to give body measurement. Apparently, custom tailors can send videos and show their clients how their new designs would look on customers using 3D models.
According to D.Tumenbold, people were asked to stand on a 3D foot scanner, which determined which leg was under more pressure, during a fall exhibition in South Korea. People who got scanned received custom-made in soles, which is useful for correcting their incorrect posture and stride while increasing their balance. There are people who hobble but if their insoles are adjusted, they can walk properly. D.Tumenbold emphasized irregular walking is harmful to internal organs.
The 3D full body scanning technology is efficient for preserving cultural heritage. News of smuggled dinosaur fossil and people being suspicious about some dinosaur fossil’s authenticity has increased. If a database is consisted with a 3D scanner, Mongolia will easily determine whether certain dinosaur fossils belong to Mongolia.
D.Tumenbold also talked about the 3D scan’s significance for archeology.
“The U.S. research team was able to compromise a virtual autopsy of Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamun via x-ray, without dissembling his mummified body. This method is widely used for archeological studies and forensics. Directions and where bullets can be detected from bodies via 3D scans.”
Mongolia will soon begin 3D body scan surveys and develop a national standard, breaking away from the ancient standard. The 3D body scanner will provide an incredible database for researchers who conduct studies related to people. For now, Mongolia is working towards creating its own body measurement.